Located in the far south west of the British Isles, Cornwall takes the form of a 90-mile peninsular, jutting westwards into the Atlantic Ocean.
Its physical location underlines its history of being a land apart. For much of the first millennium, Cornwall was a place of refuge for the original inhabitants of Britain fleeing occupation by the Romans and later the Saxons.
For many years, Cornish culture and language remained distinct from the rest of England. Although the use of the Cornish language seemed to have almost died by the late 19th century, it appears to be undergoing a revival today.
Cornwall has some of the oldest links with road transport in Britain, with Richard Trevithick and William Murdock both developing road locomotives at the turn of the 19th century in the Cornish towns of Hayle and Redruth.
Places of interest
With thanks to the following for the images of Cornwall:
Land’s End © Kevin Law
Trevenson Street, Cambourne © Ben Brooksbank
Zenor © Chris Allen
The First Inn in England © David Dixon